Ground, +5V, and the signal pin. Ultrasonic Sensor Based Water Level Controller Using Arduino Background Introduction of Ultrasonic sensor water level controller. Arduino Duemilanove uses FT232RL chip. Components Required. Here we are using a high precision HCSR-04 ultrasonic sensor module for the arduino based distance measurement. Arduino Code for Water level measurement. A 16x2 LCD is connected with arduino in 4-bit mode. Basic principal of ultrasonic distance measurement is based on ECHO. Using the HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Distance Sensor with Arduino One of the most useful sensors for robotics projects is a distance sensor. begin(9600); //start the serial port at 9600 baudsvoid loop() { waterVal = analogRead(waterSens); //read the water sensor. This Arduino water level indicator uses an ultrasonic sensor or Ping sensor to determine the level of water in the tank. What is zigbee technology its architecture and application? 6 days ago 12 min read. Hence the water level present in the tank is known. Arduino & Ultrasonic Sensor (MB1040 LV-MaxSonar-EZ4 by MaxBotix)The MaxBotix Inc. Arduino Water level controller using Ultrasonic sensor HCSR 04, Automatic Water Tank Level Controller with Dry Pump Run Protection Using Arduino + Ultrasonic Sensor,, Ultrasonic Sensor based Water. This tutorial shows you how to use a water level sensor with microcontrollers like an Arduino or PIC. This Arduino board is small enough to install on a regular stick and has buzzer, LDR sensor, Ultrasonic sensor and a water detector sensor interfaced to it. Robots- The Next Species On Earth 82,708 views 17:30. Here this article gives a simple and easy to make numeric water level Indicator and controller circuit by using Arduino. The Ping sensor measures distance using sonar. It will waste both energy and sensors. Seeed ultrasonic sensor is non-contact distance measurement module, which is also compatible with electronic brick. Specifications. Ultrasonic Sensor: We are using SR-04 ultrasonic sensor and maximum range of this sensor is approx two meter. The system is designed by applying an ultrasonic sensor, an automatic switch module, a water-flow sensor, an Arduino TM microcontroller, and a pumping machine in order to automatically switch the water filling. It offers excellent non-contact range detection with high accuracy and stable readings in an easy-to-use package. Water Level Indicator Using Arduino Wireless Water Level Indicator Using Ultrasonic sensor & Arduino is an amazing and very useful project. We have used the Ultrasonic sensor module which sends the sound waves in the water tank and identifies the reflection of sound waves that is ECHO. It's got a backup air pump to save your fish if the power goes out, and a master system kill relay in case anything goes wrong. It can be used to detect the presence, the level, the volume and/or the absence of water. This project can be further enhanced to control the water level in […]. The circuit will do basically what the aforementioned one will do. The project reads and displays the height of water level in a well or a cistern. Ultrasonic sensors not only offer distance measuring utility without any physical contact but enable us to measure with no noise and light, unlike laser-based distance measuring instruments. Everything turns off except controller and pumps. Arduino Water level controller using Ultrasonic sensor HCSR 04, Automatic Water Tank Level Controller with Dry Pump Run Protection Using Arduino + Ultrasonic Sensor,, Ultrasonic Sensor based Water. , here we are going to focus on using ultrasonic ranger. *I do not want to read and display the water level all the time. Now that you have wired up the sensor it is time to connect the Arduino to the computer and upload some code. It was a simple water level indicator using SR-04 Ultrasonic Sensor. The objective of this project is to notify the user the amount of water that is present in the overhead water tank. Step 1: Things We Need. LCD display and alarm. In this article, I will be providing: links to components needed, wiring diagrams for all outputs, and Arduino sketch. Here we are using a high precision HCSR-04 ultrasonic sensor module for the arduino based distance measurement. Arduino Water level controller using Ultrasonic sensor HCSR 04, Automatic Water Tank Level Controller with Dry Pump Run Protection Using Arduino + Ultrasonic Sensor,, Ultrasonic Sensor based Water. See more ideas about Water, Level sensor and Arduino projects. HC-SR04 ultrasonic sensor. The HC-SR04 is an inexpensive Ultrasonic Distance Sensor that can assist your robot in navigating around a room. Automatic Water Level Controller Working Principle - 3 Types. The sensor assembly consists of four aluminum wires arranged at 1/4, 1/2, 3/4 and full levels in the tank. WATER LEVEL INDICATOR WITH AUTOMATIC MOTOR COTROLLING USING ARDUINO AND GSM Arduino Water Level Sensor, Controller + Indicator - ElectroSchematics, 29. One of the projects that have been done by so many students is the automated flow switch system that comes under various names like Water level Indicator using Arduino and Ultrasonic sensor, Water level monitor and control, automatic flow switch, water level sensor, water level controller. Monitor water levels using an ultrasonic sensor and control a pump using LINX and Arduino. In an attempt to mitigate problems such as poor water allocation, inefficient use, and lack of adequate and integrated water management, Automatic Water level controller system is designed to monitor liquid level in an overhead tank or any liquid storage system with. This is an IoT demo make by Arduino and Grove. I don't think ultrasonic sensors work well in enclosed tanks. This project utilizes ultrasonic sensor to detect precise level of water present in the tank. The technique behind this idea is easy to understand. Arduino Water Level Controller Using Ultrasonic Sensor Hc Sr04. The Arduino then reads the height of the water and reports the depth of the tank. Water Level Indicator Using Arduino Wireless Water Level Indicator Using Ultrasonic sensor & Arduino is an amazing and very useful project. Using ultrasonic sensor, researchers created flood level sensing device which is attached to Arduino Yun to process the sensor's analog signal into a usable digital value of distance. A 16x2 LCD is connected with arduino in 4-bit mode. I looked at 2 different types. To measure the water level you can add some type of float that would sit on top of the water that the IR sensor would reflect off of. It adopts 316SS all-welded stainless steel body design, which can resist the impact and erosion of any medium. Check Real Time Clock. 1 x Float sensor water level Sensor levels of rainwater for Arduino. Water Level Tank with Ultrasonic ft. The ultrasonic sensor connected to the arduino board as a input signal. HC-SR04 Ultrasonic sensor interfacing & distance measuring using Arduino In the program, the distance values are adjusted for a water tank of 1 meter height. The HC-SR04 is a long range ultrasonic sensor module for measuring the distance or we can also use it for detecting the objects. 3V on VCC and GND pins. We utilize ultrasonic sensor for both upper and lower tank so water level can distinguish for the two tanks and this work water level. Doesn't have to be an Arduino. A 16×2 lcd display. Bagas Hermansyah Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Departement Bandung State of Polytechnic 2016 2. 0 out of 5 stars: 4. Control pin RS, RW and En are directly connected to. The only solution to the above problem is to have an automatic way to monitor and control the level of water. 3 out of 5 stars: 3. 0 for LOW level, P0. First of all, we need to trigger the ultrasonic sensor module to transfer signals by using Arduino and then wait to get ECHO. Arduino UNO; HC-SR04 Ultrasonic sensor; Relay board; ULN2003; Triggers & Alerts. Just connect the Trig and Echo pins to two pins of Arduino and introduce these two pins to Arduino. Engineers have been using Raspberry Pi and Arduino to interface with our sensors for practical home use. Level Sensor module is made of with HT12E encoder and ASK (Amplitude Shift Keying) RF transmitter. The HC-SR04 is a long range ultrasonic sensor module for measuring the distance or we can also use it for detecting the objects. Ultrasonic sensor HC-SR04 is used here to measure distance in range of 2cm-400cm with accuracy of 3mm. The circuit will do basically what the aforementioned one will do. The smart stick is built on Arduino Pro Mini. void setup() {pinMode(led, OUTPUT); //set led as an output pinMode(waterSens, INPUT);//set water sensor as an input Serial. Water Level Indicator Using Arduino Wireless Water Level Indicator Using Ultrasonic sensor & Arduino is an amazing and very useful project. The 1 meter height is divided into 3 reference levels of water at quarter, half and three-quarter depth of the tank (taken in centimeters). Also it can be used for your school and college project. Water-level sensing is another good use, and can be accomplished by positioning one sensor above a water surface. What's Connected. A water level sensor is a simple device that is used to measure the level and the volume of water inside a container. This unit will display the Water Level in percentage as well as in Bar Diagram, it will also show the Pump status. Do read this full instructable to know how to make it. It offers excellent non-contact range detection with high accuracy and stable readings in an easy-to-use package. pdf - Free download Ebook, Handbook, Textbook, User Guide PDF files on the internet quickly and easily. Ultrasonic Sensor interfacing with Arduino distance measurement using ultrasonic sensor. What is zigbee technology its architecture and application? 6 days ago 12 min read. Capacitors near to sensor are provided for noise reduction. Water is the driving force of all nature - Leonardo da Vinci 3. 1 for HALF Level and P0. Step 2: PROJECT CODE. The circuit diagram of the water level controller using Arduino is shown above. Autonomous Gps Control Robot using Arduino. For the water temperature sensor, parameter 10 is provided as a simple offset, applied to the reported WTemp result. Arduino Water Level Indicator and Control using Ultrasonic Sensor HC-SR04R. Water level indicator using arduino. I am using a PING ultrasonic sensor with arduino uno. The leds are used to show the percentage of water available in the Water tank. These sensors work well for applications that require precise measurements between stationary and moving objects. Hello guys and welcome to a new project. Water Level Sensor Pinout. The sensor module has an ultrasonic transmitter and receiver. Ultrasonic sensors not only offer distance measuring utility without any physical contact but enable us to measure with no noise and light, unlike laser-based distance measuring instruments. You can upload the following example code to your Arduino using the Arduino IDE. Stick a length of PVC down the dipstick hole into the tank so the pipe fills from the bottom. I would concur with the ultrasonic sensor. Using the HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Distance Sensor with Arduino One of the most useful sensors for robotics projects is a distance sensor. Do read this full instructable to know how to make it. Arduino Water level controller using Ultrasonic sensor HCSR 04, Automatic Water Tank Level Controller with Dry Pump Run Protection Using Arduino + Ultrasonic Sensor,, Ultrasonic Sensor based Water. Hello guys and welcome to a new project. click the image to enlarge. Arduino Water level tank with Ultrasonic sensor By: Andzany Putri Yuslianata Arip Rahman Hakim Moch. The objective of this project is to notify the user the amount of water that is present in the overhead water tank. Arduino based Digital Water Flow Meter using YF-S201 Hall Effect Sensor(DIY) Water Flow Meter is an automatic system for measurement of water flow. The sensors collect information and the system is controlled by the mega Arduino, the controller decides the risk and sends SMS to the owner using a GSM module, according to the sensors information. The module sends eight 40 KHz signals. This sensor is supplied to 5V or 3. The ultrasonic sensor connected to the arduino board as a input signal. This project utilizes ultrasonic sensor to detect precise level of water present in the tank. Interfacing water level sensor with arduino seems to be a piece of cake. Arduino - Ultrasonic Sensor. A 16x2 LCD is connected with arduino in 4-bit mode. The ultrasonic range goes above 20 kHz. It was a simple water level indicator using SR-04 Ultrasonic Sensor. My question is whether the vapor arising from water inside the tank hamper the overall working of ultrasonic sensor and/or it may be damaged permanently. 3V on VCC and GND pins. What is zigbee technology its architecture and application? 6 days ago 12 min read. Conductive method is used to measure the level. Tutorial: How to Configure I²C Sensors with Arduino Code I've spent the last year in the 'uncanny valley' of the Arduino. It has also been used in blind stick applications, water level sensing, and even as a parking sensor. Circuit Description of Ultrasonic Water Level Meter. Also it can be used for your school and college project. Working of this project is very simple. Today I decided to share one of my first project that I made using Arduino Board. It was a simple water level indicator using SR-04 Ultrasonic Sensor. Water Level Indicator Using Arduino. Take the ultrasonic sensor and attach it on the red strip on one side of the base using Hot Glue. Before using the water level sensor , we need to calibrate it so that we can get threshold values for a given sample of water since the conductivity of water varies. About this project: When talking about proper water management, we humans underestimate some of the following facts: Running the tap while brushing your teeth can waste 4 gallons of water. You can use only the leds if you want, the lcd is optional. The smart stick is built on Arduino Pro Mini. Here we are using a high precision HCSR-04 ultrasonic sensor module for the arduino based distance measurement. The stick also has an RF receiver which connects with an RF transmitter that acts as a remote for finding the stick on missing. In most houses, we have water tanks that are filled for regular and daily use of water. Measuring Water Level With Ultrasonic Sensor: For my next big project (automated plant watering system) I was in need of having water level meter. What's more, it has a DS18B20 temperature sensor on board. GND should be connected to the ground of Arduino. Breadboard Layout: Here is the code that is used in the video when making the alarm portion: /*Make a tone on your Arduino using an external 8-Ohm speaker YOU WILL NEED: 8-ohm speaker 100-Ohm Resistor 2 jumper wires / 2 alligator clips CIRCUIT: 100 Ohm resistor connected Arduino Pin 8 Other side of resistor connected to the positive terminal of the speaker Negative termial of the speaker. Difference between Arduino and Raspberry pi. A serial monitor program such as CoolTerm can be used to make sure the data from the sensor is coming correctly on the target host. these are default water level limits, these values will be applied on reset until user sends new limits from webpage. One of the projects that have been done by so many students is the automated flow switch system that comes under various names like Water level Indicator using Arduino and Ultrasonic sensor, Water level monitor and control, automatic flow switch, water level sensor, water level controller. I would concur with the ultrasonic sensor. The system makes use of AVR family microcontroller, LCD screen, Wifi modem for sending data and a buzzer. Here’s a list of some of the HC-SR04 ultrasonic sensor features and specs:. If you want to make some awesome projects by Grove - Ultrasonic Ranger, here's some projects for reference. Abstract: This paper shows non-contact water level monitoring system implemented using LabVIEW and arduino. Check ultrasonic water level sensor. Water-level sensing is another good use, and can be accomplished by positioning one sensor above a water surface. Today in this tutorial we are going to learn How to interface HC-SR04 Ultrasonic sensor module with STM32. The Cayenne App displays the level of water in the tank and switches the motor ON when the. Specification. 2 of them are for power (+), connecting to the +5V, and ground (-), connecting to the ground terminal of the Arduino. We can adjust the threshold using the potentiometer in the sensor. It comes complete with ultrasonic transmitter and receiver modules. #define MOTOR_CONTROL_PIN D4. To connect the soil moisture sensor FC-28 in the digital mode, we have to use digital output of the sensor and a digital input of Arduino. Also let know if you like it. This project is based on two-way communication, you can monitor the Water level in real-time and you can also control the water pump. The first block is Arduino Nano, Arduino is the brain of this project. GND should be connected to the ground of Arduino. The leds are used to show the percentage of water available in the Water tank. As the project Ultrasonic Water Level Meter uses wireless approach it uses transmitter and receiver unit. We can set our given level from the code. Receiver Section is connected to the Controlling Section, which process the received information. Circuit Description of Ultrasonic Water Level Meter. After uploading the code successfully, you can see when water level goes up led attached will get turn on and when water level goes down led will get turn off. The Arduino then reads the height of the water and reports the depth of the tank. Connecting a water sensor to an Arduino is a great way to detect a leak, spill, flood, rain, etc. I am using the waterproof ultrasonic sensors for this. The Ultrasonic sensor module is placed at the top of bucket (water tank) for demonstration. Sound Waves. You can use only the leds if you want, the lcd is optional. The modules includes ultrasonic transmitters, receiver and control circuit. An ultrasonic (well above human hearing) pulse is transmitted from the unit and distance-to-target is determined by measuring. The signal pin is an analog output that will be connected to any of the analog outputs on your Arduino. arduino cpp python3 wiring water-level gardening capacitive-sensors water-level-sensor eagle-pcb pcb-design Updated Mar 28, 2020. What's Connected. I was choosing from contact and contactless methods of measuring fluid level in tank. The analog sensor board has several copper traces on it that are not connected but are bridged by water when submerged. Compared with other similar sensors, it features much smaller blind zone, wider sensing angle and a certain penetration power (smog, dust). Check AC Power Status. A relay circuit to turn the water pump ON and OFF. Wireless Water Level Indicator Using Ultrasonic sensor & Arduino is an amazing and very useful project. T 2), Deny Nusyirwan, M. Smart dustbin using arduino, ultrasonic sensor in 2$ 4 days ago 9 min read. The objective of this project is to notify the user the amount of water that is present in the overhead water tank. Do read this full instructable to know how to make it. Measuring Water Level With Ultrasonic Sensor: For my next big project (automated plant watering system) I was in need of having water level meter. The way I did it, was using an ultrasonic sensor that sends a signal out and catches it again, measuring the time between it to measure distance. The ultrasonic sensor connected to the arduino board as a input signal. This sensor has 4 pins: ground is given to Arduino ground and VCC can be +3. Arduino Water level controller using Ultrasonic sensor HCSR 04, Automatic Water Tank Level Controller with Dry Pump Run Protection Using Arduino + Ultrasonic Sensor,, Ultrasonic Sensor based Water. One of the projects that have been done by so many students is the automated flow switch system that comes under various names like Water level Indicator using Arduino and Ultrasonic sensor, Water level monitor and control, automatic flow switch, water level sensor, water level controller. the above circuit have three level low,average,high and when level of water increase transistor base get conducted and due to conduction switching process occurs and micro-controller get interrupted and it shows the level based on the respective transistor conduction. Arduino is used since its connections are easy as well as its. We utilize ultrasonic sensor for both upper and lower tank so water level can distinguish for the two tanks and this work water level. For more circuit examples, see the Fritzing project page. LabView Program Labview Block Diagram for the Water Level Monitor. Your control board may be using a different driver. The other pin (S), is the analog output pin. A 16x2 LCD is connected with arduino in 4-bit mode. The working principle of ultrasonic sensor is as follows: High level signal is sent for 10us using Trigger. I've been asked to help to write a simple PIC code to interface with the ultrasonic sensor. Here we are using a high precision HCSR-04 ultrasonic sensor module for the arduino based distance measurement. This instructable video is all about how to monitor the Quality of water, interns of monitoring the level of water, the temperature of the water and its surrounding, the turbidity of the water (how clean the water is) as well as the PH levels of the Water. The first issue which sensor should I use. Digital thermometer design and development using Arduino UNO and LM35 temperature sensor Arduino LM35 Temperature Sensor with LCD display. The Water Level Depth Detection Sensor for Arduino has Operating voltage DC3-5V and Operating current less than 20mA. Components Required. The Arduino then reads the height of the water and reports the depth of the tank. Drop a ping pong ball or a float down the pipe so it rides up and down inside the pipe. The ultrasonic sensor sends out an ultrasonic pulse, waits for it to come back and depending on the time between the two events the microcontroller can then calculate the distance between the sensor and the water surface. The submersible water level sensor is suitable for any water level measurement. Hello guys and welcome to a new project. Gikfun M8 32mm Liquid Level Sensor Fish Tank Water Float Switch PP Plastic Ball Float Controller DIY Kit for Arduino EK1373x3 4. The modules includes ultrasonic transmitters, receiver and control circuit. I'm making a water level detector to control my motor which supplies water in water tank and for that I'm going to use ultrasonic sensor to be attached to tank lid. Use an Arduino Mega 2560 and LINX to control a 24v LED dimmer for agricultural machine vision. Ultrasonic Sensor interfacing with Arduino distance measurement using ultrasonic sensor. A 16x2 LCD is connected with arduino in 4-bit mode. Similar to 9-level overhead water tank indicator, the ultrasonic sensor based water level controller using 8051 microcontroller project is an advanced and innovative electronics project designed for displaying water level in a tank and also control pump motor accordingly. The ultrasonic sensor used to measure the water tank level and gives the information about the depth which can use to set minimum and maximum level, also the ultrasonic sensor sent data to the arduino. If the water level remains above 50% of the full capacity of the tank, you should see the green light from the status. We will see: Overview. Read this DS18B20 Arduino Tutorial if you never used this sensor before. The first block is Arduino Nano, Arduino is the brain of this project. Read this DS18B20 Arduino Tutorial if you never used this sensor before. The purpose is to read the water level of a water tank outside and display the water level in a display inside the house. The pin S will give us an analog value between VCC. Control pin RS, RW and En are directly connected to. While monitoring the sensor gives us true or false condition with respect to measured moisture content in a soil. It offers excellent non-contact range detection with high accuracy and stable readings in an easy-to-use package. It will waste both energy and sensors. Water Level Tank with Ultrasonic ft. It essentially gives your Arduino eyes / spacial awareness and can prevent your robot from crashing or falling off a table. The relay connected to the arduino used to control the motor. First of all, we need to trigger the ultrasonic sensor module to transfer signals by using Arduino and then wait to get ECHO. The water-level indicator has two units: transmitter unit and receiver unit. Arduino UNO; HC-SR04 Ultrasonic sensor; Relay board; ULN2003; Triggers & Alerts. Also it can be used for your school and college project. The way I did it, was using an ultrasonic sensor that sends a signal out and catches it again, measuring the time between it to measure distance. Similar to 9-level overhead water tank indicator, the ultrasonic sensor based water level controller using 8051 microcontroller project is an advanced and innovative electronics project designed for displaying water level in a tank and also control pump motor accordingly. This is an IoT demo make by Arduino and Grove. ATmega328 is an 8-bit microcontroller, ultrasonic sensor and 433 MHz RF module. Contact methods are resistive method, capacitive and inducti. This Arduino board is small enough to install on a regular stick and has buzzer, LDR sensor, Ultrasonic sensor and a water detector sensor interfaced to it. Water Level Indicator Using Arduino Wireless Water Level Indicator Using Ultrasonic sensor & Arduino is an amazing and very useful project. Are you in Thailand and feeling low? Need someone to talk to? Help is at hand ×. Ultrasonic sensors not only offer distance measuring utility without any physical contact but enable us to measure with no noise and light, unlike laser-based distance measuring instruments. Measuring Water Level With Ultrasonic Sensor: For my next big project (automated plant watering system) I was in need of having water level meter. It will take input from the sensors and control all other units according to the value received. Working of Automatic Water Level Controller. This sensor has a Transmitter and a Receiver. Capacitors near to sensor are provided for noise reduction. It essentially gives your Arduino eyes / special awareness and can prevent your robot from crashing or falling off a table. Echo pin produces a pulse when the reflected signal is received. Welcome to the Quanta project. 5 out of 5 stars: 4. This data from the liquid level sensor can then be used to control how much liquid is let into the inflow valve. What's Connected. There were two types of ultrasonic sensors I looked into. I deemed the pressure sensor inadequate due to it using an analogue signal (4-20ma) and that seemed a little complicated for my first project. BannerBob • May 20, 2016 Using Amazon Alexa to Control Ameba Arduino: 15 Steps (with Pictures) view source. Relays auto-switch to backup battery and inverter when AC power is lost. The working principle of ultrasonic sensor is as follows: High level signal is sent for 10us using Trigger. The signal pin is an analog output that will be connected to any of the analog outputs on your Arduino. The technique behind this idea is easy to understand. Conductive method is used to measure the level. The ultrasonic sensor connected to the arduino board as a input signal. We have used Ultrasonic sensor module which sends the sound waves in the water tank and detects reflection of sound waves that is ECHO. A 16x2 LCD is connected with arduino in 4-bit mode. After the HC-SR04 is triggered, it sends out eight 40Khz sound waves to the surface of the water. The HC-SR04 is an inexpensive Ultrasonic Distance Sensor that can assist your robot in navigating around a room. Water depeth (level) sensor Arduino tutorial and code. Arduino + Ultrasonic sensors for Automatic Tap Control. The stick also has an RF receiver which connects with an RF transmitter that acts as a remote for finding the stick on missing. This sensor has 4 pins: ground is given to Arduino ground and VCC can be +3. I have provided all the important details about ultrasonic sensor Arduino interfacing. Wiki: This is an easy-to-use ultrasonic distance sensor module of high performance and reliability, waterproof and dustproof. Use an Arduino Mega 2560 and LINX to control a 24v LED dimmer for agricultural machine vision. Water Level Sensor Pinout. Control System. See more ideas about Water, Level sensor and Arduino projects. We have used four sensor probes to sense the level of water. This project is using Arduino microcontroller with Hall's effect based water flow sensor (YF-S201) and LCD is to display output. The ultrasonic sensor connected to the arduino board as a input signal. In this post we are going to construct a ultrasonic based solar powered wireless water level indicator using Arduino in which the Arduinos would be transmitting. 24v LED Dimmer using LINX and Arduino A virtual piano in LabVIEW that allows users to manually play music or automatically play a song. Components Required for Interfacing of HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor with Arduino: Arduino Uno R3. You can upload the following example code to your Arduino using the Arduino IDE. If you want more linear range you may calibrate your own factors and use each group of factors for each range. To measure the water level you can add some type of float that would sit on top of the water that the IR sensor would reflect off of. HC-SR04 Ultrasonic sensor interfacing & distance measuring using Arduino In the program, the distance values are adjusted for a water tank of 1 meter height. (This code works for the JSN-SR04T-2. h library when they could. I don't think ultrasonic sensors work well in enclosed tanks. When the distance of water is less than the minimum level, immediately microcontroller will turn on the relay and it activates the motor and waits until the water level reaches the max level and then it automatically turns it off. You can upload the following example code to your Arduino using the Arduino IDE. The first block is Arduino Nano, Arduino is the brain of this project. Everything turns off except controller and pumps. If no activity in 1 hour, trigger alert. Arduino - Ultrasonic Sensor. This data from the liquid level sensor can then be used to control how much liquid is let into the inflow valve. This unit will display the Water Level in percentage as well as in Bar Diagram, it will also show the Pump status. It has also been used in turret applications, water level sensing, and even as a parking sensor. these are default water level limits, these values will be applied on reset until user sends new limits from webpage. Hi Sir Good Afternoon i am trying to interface the water level sensor using Arduino nano for harvesting the fish Aquarium automatic water level detecting and filling the water below average of water but, the tank depth was 45CM the sensor size only the 5 cm how to apply the same application using long height sensor OR if any chance to increase the size of sensor please reply this question sir. A 16×2 lcd display. When water level goes down "buttonState" goes low and Arduino prints "WATER LEVEL - LOW" message and LED turns off. Leaky faucets that drip at the rate of one drop per second can waste up to 2,700 gallons of water. The circuit diagram of the water level controller using Arduino is shown above. You may use any program of your choice to do the same. Check Real Time Clock. Here is a simple yet effective water tank pump switcher circuit, realized using the renowned AVR microcontroller Atmega328P-PU. Ultrasonic sensor HC-SR04 is used here to measure distance in range of 2cm-400cm with accuracy of 3mm. The module measures this analog resistor and sends it to Arduino. It essentially gives your Arduino eyes / special awareness and can prevent your robot from crashing or falling off a table. This is a beginner's level project explaining the basics. How to Make Water Level Controller. In the tutorial Ultrasonic Sensor Arduino Interfacing, we have learnt about the pins and working principle of ultrasonic sensor to estimate the distance of an object from the sensor. Water is the driving force of all nature - Leonardo da Vinci 3. The stick also has an RF receiver which connects with an RF transmitter that acts as a remote for finding the stick on missing. Now as the main aim of the project is to control the servo using an ultrasonic sensor, thus we need to add them into the project. Arduino - Ultrasonic Sensor. Vera Ultrasonic Water Tank Level Sensors with Arduino and MySensors Mar 15, 2019. The submersible water level sensor is suitable for any water level measurement. In this Tutorial, you will learn how to make a Water level monitoring system using Arduino, ultrasonic sensor and some leds. Talking about the construction of “Ultrasonic Water Level Meter” it uses microcontroller for processing. Arduino Water level tank with Ultrasonic sensor By: Andzany Putri Yuslianata Arip Rahman Hakim Moch. Circuit description. Check ultrasonic water level sensor. The circuit diagram of the water level controller using Arduino is shown above. Another aquatic application is to use these sensors to "see" the bottom of a body of water, traveling through the water, but reflecting off the bottom surface below. tank and water pump. Now that you have wired up the sensor it is time to connect the Arduino to the computer and upload some code. The Sensor is the Analog type which produces analog output signals according to the water pressure with its Detection Area of 40x16mm. It will take input from the sensors and control all other units according to the value received. It's actually very simple by referring to the timing diagram. Arduino will use the echo pin, present on Ultrasonic sensor to measure sound wave travel time in microseconds. Water Level Indicator Using Arduino Wireless Water Level Indicator Using Ultrasonic sensor & Arduino is an amazing and very useful project. SOURCE CODE: const int waterSens = A0; //define water sensor const int led = 9;//define led to pin 9 int waterVal; //define the water sensor value. LCD display and alarm. Share on Tumblr Water is precious resource and hence we need to more conscious in utilizing and handling, considerable amount of water is wasted due to improper handling. Drop a ping pong ball or a float down the pipe so it rides up and down inside the pipe. Today in this tutorial we are going to learn How to interface HC-SR04 Ultrasonic sensor module with STM32. Working of Automatic Water Level Controller. It offers excellent non-contact range detection with high accuracy and stable readings in an easy-to-use package from 2 cm to 400 cm or 1” to 13 feet. Just connect the Trig and Echo pins to two pins of Arduino and introduce these two pins to Arduino. A 16x2 LCD is connected with arduino in 4-bit mode. The ultrasonic module senses the presence of human, but the ultrasonic module can't differentiate between a human and an obstacle such as chair in front of the table. There were two types of ultrasonic sensors I looked into. There is a different concept to make water level controller. The servo motor rotates rotate in clockwise and anticlockwise direction. The objective of this project is to notify the user the amount of water that is present in the overhead water tank. It will take input from the sensors and control all other units according to the value received. A metallic plate inside the Transmitter is used to create the mechanical waves using vibration, These waves reflects from the object after the. A water level sensor is a simple device that is used to measure the level and the volume of water inside a container. Thermometers enable us to read the temperature in any room, space or region. After the HC-SR04 is triggered, it sends out eight 40Khz sound waves to the surface of the water. I mounted that to the top of the water tank to measure the distance to the water surface and then calculate how full the tank is. How to Make Water Level Controller. In this Tutorial, you will learn how to make a Water level monitoring system using Arduino, ultrasonic sensor and some leds. The HC-SR04 is a long range ultrasonic sensor module for measuring the distance or we can also use it for detecting the objects. This simple project will use the Keyestudio SR01 Ultrasonic Sensor with an Arduino and a Processing sketch to provide a neat little interactive display on your computer screen. The HC-SR04 ultrasonic sensor uses sonar to determine distance to an object like bats do. The Water Level Sensing Section senses the level of water in the tank and sends it (wireless) to the Receiver Section. The program repeats reading the button state with a delay of 1 second. Hence the water level present in the tank is known. Next, I will explain you how the code works. It will waste both energy and sensors. No library required. Talking about the construction of “Ultrasonic Water Level Meter” it uses microcontroller for processing. Ultrasonic sensors not only offer distance measuring utility without any physical contact but enable us to measure with no noise and light, unlike laser-based distance measuring instruments. 2 of them are for power (+), connecting to the +5V, and ground (-), connecting to the ground terminal of the Arduino. You can use only the leds if you want, the lcd is optional. For this the system uses ultrasonic sensors placed over the containers to detect the liquid level and compare it with the container's depth. T 2), Deny Nusyirwan, M. Lenka emphases on the need of water level controller in 1. In this article, I will be providing: links to components needed, wiring diagrams for all outputs, and Arduino sketch. I have provided all the important details about ultrasonic sensor Arduino interfacing. How ultrasonic sensor can measure water level? Circuit diagram of water level indicator. The ultrasonic module senses the presence of human, but the ultrasonic module can't differentiate between a human and an obstacle such as chair in front of the table. /* Example code for HC-SR04 ultrasonic distance sensor with Arduino. Ultrasonic Sensor Based Water Level Controller Using Arduino Background Introduction of Ultrasonic sensor water level controller. For more circuit examples, see the Fritzing project page. automatic water pump controller using arduino,arduino pump controller,water level indicator, arduino project we are not using any sensor to detect the water level, just wires are enough for it. Do read this full instructable to know how to make it. When the water flows through the rotor, rotor rolls and the speed of it changes with a different rate of flow. Hello guys and welcome to a new project. These sensors work well for applications that require precise measurements between stationary and moving objects. Here is a simple, versatile project which indicates the level of water and automatically controls it by using PIC Microcontroller. The way I did it, was using an ultrasonic sensor that sends a signal out and catches it again, measuring the time between it to measure distance. Working of Automatic Water Level Controller. LCD display and alarm. Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) application about distance measurement using ultrasonic sensor. I was choosing from contact and contactless methods of measuring fluid level in tank. The objective of this project is to notify the user the amount of water that is present in the overhead water tank. In circuit connections Ultrasonic sensor module's "trigger" and "echo" pins are directly connected to pin 18 (A4) and 19 (A5) of arduino. , here we are going to focus on using ultrasonic ranger. Fully Automatic Water Pump Controller Using Arduino with Tank & Sump, • wireless water level indicator using rf module, • wireless water level indicator using arduino and ultrasonic sensor, …. When water level goes down "buttonState" goes low and Arduino prints "WATER LEVEL - LOW" message and LED turns off. (This code works for the JSN-SR04T-2. I'll explain how it works and how to interface with arduino. This sensor has a Transmitter and a Receiver. The float switch is a device used for sensing the level of liquid in the tank, can control the pump, indicator, alarm, or other device. If no activity in 1 hour, trigger alert. How ultrasonic sensor can measure water level? Circuit diagram of water level indicator. The relay connected to the arduino used to control the motor. When the distance of water is less than the minimum level, immediately microcontroller will turn on the relay and it activates the motor and waits until the water level reaches the max level and then it automatically turns it off. - mikeY Feb 28 '14 at 19:07. The first issue which sensor should I use. Water and Liquid Level Controller along with Indicators - ElProCus, 30. It can be used to detect the presence, the level, the volume and/or the absence of water. Today I decided to share one of my first project that I made using Arduino Board. The ‘-‘ is connected to Arduino GND, ‘+’ is connected to 5V and ‘S’ is connected to an analog pin of the Arduino as shown in the schematic below. these are default water level limits, these values will be applied on reset until user sends new limits from webpage. It has also been used in turret applications, water level sensing, and even as a parking sensor. It uses a DYP-ME007Y waterproof ultrasonic sensor to determine the height of water in a round tank. I don't think ultrasonic sensors work well in enclosed tanks. Ultrasonic sensors use sound waves rather than light, making them ideal for stable detection of uneven surfaces, liquids, clear objects, and objects in dirty environments. halbright10 / Arduino~ Water Level Sensor Code. I want to detect the water level in a metal tank using ultrasonic sensors and arduino. Read this DS18B20 Arduino Tutorial if you never used this sensor before. A relay circuit to turn the water pump ON and OFF. Distance measurement of an object in the path of a person, equipment, or a vehicle, stationary or moving is used in a large number of applications such as robotic movement control, vehicle control, blind man's walking stick, medical applications,. It adopts 316SS all-welded stainless steel body design, which can resist the impact and erosion of any medium. The water level sensor is super easy to use and only has 3 pins to connect. Arduino boards are able to read inputs such as light on a sensor or the press of a button and turn it into an. halbright10 / Arduino~ Water Level Sensor Code. /* Arduino example sketch to control a JSN-SR04T ultrasonic distance sensor with Arduino. , MaxSonar ultrasonic sensor line has become a very popular sensor for operation with the Arduino micro-controller. Fully Automatic Water Pump Controller Using Arduino with Tank & Sump, • wireless water level indicator using rf module, • wireless water level indicator using arduino and ultrasonic sensor, …. You need some sort of processor to command it to ping, detect the response and use the timing to measure a distance. Step 1: Things We Need. the above circuit have three level low,average,high and when level of water increase transistor base get conducted and due to conduction switching process occurs and micro-controller get interrupted and it shows the level based on the respective transistor conduction. Ultrasonic sensor HC-SR04 is used here to measure distance in range of 2cm-400cm with accuracy of 3mm. In this post we are going to construct a ultrasonic based solar powered wireless water level indicator using Arduino in which the Arduinos would be transmitting. Also let know if you like it. I would concur with the ultrasonic sensor. If the water level remains above 50% of the full capacity of the tank, you should see the green light from the status. Welcome to the Quanta project. To measure the water level you can add some type of float that would sit on top of the water that the IR sensor would reflect off of. Tutorial: How to Configure I²C Sensors with Arduino Code I've spent the last year in the 'uncanny valley' of the Arduino. A relay circuit to turn the water pump ON and OFF. Arduino + Ultrasonic sensors for Automatic Tap Control. Doesn't have to be an Arduino. Here is a simple, versatile project which indicates the level of water and automatically controls it by using PIC Microcontroller. The other pin (S), is the analog output pin. The Arduino then reads the height of the water and reports the depth of the tank. It adopts 316SS all-welded stainless steel body design, which can resist the impact and erosion of any medium. The HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor is a very affordable proximity/distance sensor that has been used mainly for object avoidance in various robotics projects. The working principle of ultrasonic sensor is as follows: High level signal is sent for 10us using Trigger. By applying an ultrasonic sensor, an ultrasonic transmitter is mounted on the top of the tank and transmits an ultrasonic pulse down. We utilize ultrasonic sensor for both upper and lower tank so water level can distinguish for the two tanks and this work water level. A 16x2 LCD is connected with arduino in 4-bit mode. The HC-SR04 is a long range ultrasonic sensor module for measuring the distance or we can also use it for detecting the objects. For the water temperature sensor, parameter 10 is provided as a simple offset, applied to the reported WTemp result. There is some option of this RF module that I can't get to work. The project reads and displays the height of water level in a well or a cistern. /* Example code for HC-SR04 ultrasonic distance sensor with Arduino. An infrared proximity sensor would be cheaper with the small distance you're dealing with. Abstract: This paper shows non-contact water level monitoring system implemented using LabVIEW and arduino. A 16x2 LCD is connected with arduino in 4-bit mode. Drop a ping pong ball or a float down the pipe so it rides up and down inside the pipe. I am using a PING ultrasonic sensor with arduino uno. Arduino is used since its connections are easy as well as its. By applying an ultrasonic sensor, an ultrasonic transmitter is mounted on the top of the tank and transmits an ultrasonic pulse down. Made a solar wireless water level controller for my over head water tank. Engineers have been using Raspberry Pi and Arduino to interface with our sensors for practical home use. so, it can measure the distance between the ultrasonic sensor and the water inside the container. Liquid level control This function of an ultrasonic water level sensor can be used to control the flow rate in an industrial process. Relays auto-switch to backup battery and inverter when AC power is lost. Hello guys and welcome to a new project. click the image to enlarge. February 13, Today we will make a simple DIY mini project in which we will monitor the level of water in a tank using an Arduino Uno and an Ultrasonic Sensor (SR04). The submersible water level sensor is suitable for any water level measurement. The module measures this analog resistor and sends it to Arduino. This tutorial shows you how to use a water level sensor with microcontrollers like an Arduino or PIC. HC-SR04 Ultrasonic sensor interfacing & distance measuring using Arduino In the program, the distance values are adjusted for a water tank of 1 meter height. I looked at 2 different types. Distance measurement application used for example: Liquid / Water Level Sensor non contact (probe), Object. As the project Ultrasonic Water Level Meter uses wireless approach it uses transmitter and receiver unit. Arduino will use the echo pin, present on Ultrasonic sensor to measure sound wave travel time in microseconds. Connecting a water sensor to an Arduino is a great way to detect a leak, spill, flood, rain, etc. Capacitors near to sensor are provided for noise reduction. Geofencing - Why you can't rely on GPS alone Jul 10, 2018. WE CAN ALSO ADD A RELAY MODULE TO CONTROL A PUMP WHICH CAN FILL THE TANK WHEN IT IS EMPTY ON VICE VERSA. Control pin RS, RW and En are directly connected to. Review this research paper on the development of a portable water level sensor for a flood management system. We will see: Overview. This simple but useful project based on arduino nano. This my be easily replaced/re-coded for use with a DS18B20 sensor. It will take input from the sensors and control all other units according to the value received. Arduino UNO; HC-SR04 Ultrasonic sensor; Relay board; ULN2003; Triggers & Alerts. The analog sensor board has several copper traces on it that are not connected but are bridged by water when submerged. It's not specific to robotics moreover it is also used for water level sensing, as a parking sensor and also for interactive display on computer screens. Everything turns off except controller and pumps. void setup() {pinMode(led, OUTPUT); //set led as an output pinMode(waterSens, INPUT);//set water sensor as an input Serial. The water level sensor is super easy to use and only has 3 pins to connect. These sound waves are passed through the tank from top to bottom. How to Make Water Level Controller. One of the projects that have been done by so many students is the automated flow switch system that comes under various names like Water level Indicator using Arduino and Ultrasonic sensor, Water level monitor and control, automatic flow switch, water level sensor, water level controller. in this project, we will measure the water level using the ultrasonic sensor and the Arduino Uno r3. Four omemade hwater level sensors are used to detect the water level. Arduino based Digital Water Flow Meter using YF-S201 Hall Effect Sensor(DIY) Water Flow Meter is an automatic system for measurement of water flow. User can check live status of water the levels of the tanks. The program repeats reading the button state with a delay of 1 second. This is an IoT demo make by Arduino and Grove. If your water tank is outside, mount the sensor above the tank (using something like the metal plate I used), and put a hole in the tank (larger than the sensor diameter), directly below the sensor. Arduino will use the echo pin, present on Ultrasonic sensor to measure sound wave travel time in microseconds. Vera Ultrasonic Water Tank Level Sensors with Arduino and MySensors Mar 15, 2019. An hc sr04 ultrasonic module is a non-contact range measuring device consist of an ultrasonic transceiver unit (transmitter and receiver section) and a control circuit. The Echo opening receives the Echo waves. Arduino & Ultrasonic Sensor (MB1040 LV-MaxSonar-EZ4 by MaxBotix)The MaxBotix Inc. We will use the open source Arduino hardware device, an ultrasonic Parallax sensor to measure the height of the water, a 16 x 2 LCD display with Hitachi HD44780 driver and a buzzer that is activated when the level exceeds the threshold. Water is essential in various ways and such a huge amount of. I want to detect the water level in a metal tank using ultrasonic sensors and arduino. Start Sense water Reserve Tank (Sensor) Is Tank empty?. The sensor assembly consists of four aluminum wires arranged at 1/4, 1/2, 3/4 and full levels in the tank. The first issue which sensor should I use. This section will also. Let me first summarize the working of ultrasonic sensor again. *I do not want to read and display the water level all the time. Arduino UNO; HC-SR04 Ultrasonic sensor; Relay board; ULN2003; Triggers & Alerts. A 16x2 LCD is connected with arduino in 4-bit mode. Arduino - Ultrasonic Sensor. In this tutorial you will learn how to use one water flow sensor with an Arduino board. The less water the sensor is immersed in, results in poor conductivity and will result in a higher resistance. How to Use Ultrasonic Sensors in Arduino Project. This my be easily replaced/re-coded for use with a DS18B20 sensor. Wiki: This is an easy-to-use ultrasonic distance sensor module of high performance and reliability, waterproof and dustproof. Ultrasonic water depth sensor By Shannon Hicks on 2014-08-07 28 Comments We have been using submersible pressure transducers for water level measurements for many years, but some of our installations are in areas with very shallow water that might freeze during the winter. User can check live status of water the levels of the tanks. Ultrasonic Sensor Based Water Level Controller Using Arduino Background Introduction of Ultrasonic sensor water level controller. Open the Arduino IDE software on your computer. Tutorial: How to Configure I²C Sensors with Arduino Code I've spent the last year in the 'uncanny valley' of the Arduino. I'll explain how it works and how to interface with arduino. What's Connected. Basic principal of ultrasonic distance measurement is based on ECHO. In this Arduino based automatic water level indicator and controller project we are going to measure the water level by using ultrasonic sensors. Geofencing - Why you can't rely on GPS alone Jul 10, 2018. Keywords: water monitoring, water controlling, Arduino, ultrasonic sensor, motor. Water Level Measurement Circuit Arduino Code for Water level measurement. I have made the circuit as shown on a general purpose pcb but when i upload and connect the pcb to arduino, all the led's and the buzzer goes off without any input to the ultrasonic module. Water level indicator using arduino. We have used the Ultrasonic sensor module which sends the sound waves in the water tank and identifies the reflection of sound waves that is ECHO. Water Level Indicator Using Arduino. This tutorial shows you how to use a water level sensor with microcontrollers like an Arduino or PIC. 1% 24 vdc radar water level senspor hd 30 m 6000-12000 22 23. Digital thermometer design and development using Arduino UNO and LM35 temperature sensor Arduino LM35 Temperature Sensor with LCD display. Leaky faucets that drip at the rate of one drop per second can waste up to 2,700 gallons of water. With three simple interfaces, it is easy to connect a MaxSonar to an Arduino. Ultrasonic Sensor HC-SR04; Arduino Board; Breadboard and Jump Wires; What is UltraSonic Sensor? Ultra Sonic sensor is a device which is capable of transmitting and receiving ultra sonic sound waves out into the air and calculates the distance from the sensor to the obstacle by making use of the time required for the sound wave to reach back the sensor. This section will also. You can use only the leds if you want, the lcd is optional. The range of the ultrasonic sensor is around 2cm to 400cm. Ultrasonic sensor has two openings, one is Trigger and the other is Echo. Components Required. For more details about this transmitter, please read the article Wireless RF Transmitter and Receiver using ASK RF Module. The measured distance is calculated using Arduino controller within a pre-defined time interval. When the distance of water is less than the minimum level, immediately microcontroller will turn on the relay and it activates the motor and waits until the water level reaches the max level and then it automatically turns it off. It comes complete with ultrasonic transmitter and receiver modules. I drilled two 5/8" holes for the two ultrasonic sensors I'm using, a few holes for bolts to hold it to the water tank, and a hole for a grounding wire. We will switch the water motor on and keep track of the 30 to 90 minutes for the tank to fill up. User can check live status of water the levels of the tanks. *I do not want to read and display the water level all the time. Engineers have been using Raspberry Pi and Arduino to interface with our sensors for practical home use. - mikeY Feb 28 '14 at 19:07. So after testing over the course of a tank of water (we pump up and irrigate from this tank so has moderate turnover) i found it was not reading more depth than about 80cm, after much debugging ive come to the understanding that the ultrasonic control board and sensor are very susceptible to interference, thus why the cable for the sensor comes as a shielded coax. Measuring Water Level With Ultrasonic Sensor: For my next big project (automated plant watering system) I was in need of having water level meter. An infrared proximity sensor would be cheaper with the small distance you're dealing with. Wireless Water Level Indicator Using Ultrasonic sensor & Arduino is an amazing and very useful project. You can upload the following example code to your Arduino using the Arduino IDE. It will waste both energy and sensors. Play with Arduino Copy the code and flash it into the controller board. The water-level indicator has two units: transmitter unit and receiver unit. This simple project will use the Keyestudio SR01 Ultrasonic Sensor with an Arduino and a Processing sketch to provide a neat little interactive display on your computer screen. The modules includes ultrasonic transmitters, receiver and control circuit. Does not contain mercury. We have used Ultrasonic sensor module which sends the sound waves in the water tank and detects reflection of sound waves that is ECHO. I was choosing from contact and contactless methods of measuring fluid level in tank. , here we are going to focus on using ultrasonic ranger. I have provided all the important details about ultrasonic sensor Arduino interfacing. The same sensor can also be used to detect if it is raining. This project can be further enhanced to control the water level in […]. See more ideas about Water, Level sensor and Arduino projects. One red LED. The pin S will give us an analog value between VCC. Water-level sensing is another good use, and can be accomplished by positioning one sensor above a water surface. Hence the water level present in the tank is known. The HC-SR04 ultrasonic sensor uses sonar to determine distance to an object like bats do. Interfacing of Multiple Ultrasonic Sensor With Arduino. Check ultrasonic water level sensor. Start Sense water Reserve Tank (Sensor) Is Tank empty?. What's Connected. Ultrasonic Sensor Based Water Level Controller Using Arduino Background Introduction of Ultrasonic sensor water level controller. This water level sensor has 3 Pins. Arduino + Ultrasonic sensors for Automatic Tap Control. Step 1: Things We Need. We will use Arduino, an ultrasonic sensor, a 16 x 2 LCD display and a buzzer. The objective of this project is to notify the user the amount of water that is present in the overhead water tank. cc, but still don't get much from the material on gitHub because trained programmers would never stoop to using the wire. 3- The sensor can withstand up to 100 meter under water, however the linear range for factory calibrated coefficients stored on the sensor ROM adjusted for linear range of about 7m. First of all we needs to trigger the ultrasonic sensor module to transmit signal by using Arduino and then wait to receive ECHO. The 1 meter height is divided into 3 reference levels of water at quarter, half and three-quarter depth of the tank (taken in centimeters). Water pump has been controlled using water level sensor. The ultrasonic sensor used to measure the water tank level and gives the information about the depth which can use to set minimum and maximum level, also the ultrasonic sensor sent data to the arduino. It's not specific to robotics moreover it is also used for water level sensing, as a parking sensor and also for interactive display on computer screens. This unit will display the Water Level in percentage as well as in Bar Diagram, it will also show the Pump status. *I do not want to read and display the water level all the time. The '-' is connected to Arduino GND, '+' is connected to 5V and 'S' is connected to an analog pin of the Arduino as shown in the schematic below. If your water tank is outside, mount the sensor above the tank (using something like the metal plate I used), and put a hole in the tank (larger than the sensor diameter), directly below the sensor. Sc 2)-Abstract- Rapid technological developments have an impact on all aspects of the field of work so a lot of the application of science and technology that is designed to simplify the job.